McIlmailLogo.png

*For more information on Statutes of Limitations, visit our Law & Policy page


2019 Summary of Child Sexual Abuse Statutes of Limitations (SOLs): 
Introduced, Signed into Law and State Laws by Category

https://www.childusa.org/2019sol  



A. New SOL Reform Laws Going into Effect in 2019
Iowa

Extends the criminal SOL for the following felonies and misdemeanors to age of majority (18) plus 15 years: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd degree sexual abuse, incest, and sexual exploitation by a counselor, therapist, or school employee. (SF 589) (Governor Signed into Law on May 16, 2019).


Montana

Eliminates the criminal SOL for felonies and misdemeanors. Extends the civil SOL against perpetrators and institutions to the earlier of age 27 or 3 years after discovery that injury was caused by childhood sexual abuse. Opens a 1-year revival window on May 7, 2019 against institutions and perpetrators who are alive and have been convicted of or admitted to the abuse. (HB 640) (Governor Signed into Law on May 7, 2019).


Nevada

Eliminates the criminal SOL for a sexual assault arising out of the same facts as a murder. (SB 9) (Governor Signed into Law on May 16, 2019).


New Jersey

Extends the civil SOL for child sex abuse to age 55 or 7 years from discovery, whichever is later, for claims against individuals and public and private institutions. Opens a 2-year revival window on December 1, 2019 against perpetrators and institutions. Also, extends the civil SOL for adult sex assault victims to 7 years from the offense or 7 years from discovery, whichever is later. (S477) (Governor Signed into Law on May 13, 2019).


New York

Extends the criminal SOL for felony to age 28 and misdemeanor to age 25. Extends civil SOL to age 55 for claims against people and institutions. Also, removes 90-day notice of claim requirement for claims against public institutions. Opens a 1-year revival window on August 14, 2019 against perpetrators and institutions. (S 2440) (Governor Signed into Law on February 14, 2019).


North Dakota

Extends the criminal SOL for felony and misdemeanor sex offenses to 21 years from the offense. (HB 1425) (Governor Signed into Law on March 21, 2019).


Utah

Eliminates the criminal SOL for felony human trafficking of a child, which includes trafficking for sexual exploitation of the child. (HB 20) (Governor Signed into Law on March 21, 2019). Extends the criminal SOL for felony crimes where the SOL has run as of May 5, 2003 and no charges had been filed, by extending the time from 1 to 4 years that a prosecution must be commenced after a perpetrator has been identified by DNA evidence. (HB 192) (Governor Signed into Law on March 25, 2019). Waives governmental immunity for civil claims of negligence or injury resulting from sexual battery against a student by a school employee, in a position of trust, who is criminally charged, that the school knew or should have known was a sex offender. Also, extends the civil SOL for claims against a governmental entity or its employee to 2 years after a claim arises or discovery of a claim. (HB 311) (Governor Signed into Law on March 25, 2019).


Washington

Eliminates the criminal SOL for felony rape, sexual misconduct, child molestation, and sexual exploitation of a minor and extends the criminal SOL to 20 years from the offense for rape and indecent liberties, regardless of victim's age. (SB 5649) (Governor Signed into Law on April 19, 2019). Extends the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses by extending when the SOL begins to run to 2 years from identification of perpetrator by DNA, regardless of victim's age. (HB 1166) (Governor Signed into Law on April 23, 2019).


Washington D.C.

Eliminates the criminal SOL for felony sexual abuse, child sexual abuse, sexual abuse of a minor, and incest. Extends the civil SOL where victim was under age 35 to age 40 with a 5-year discovery rule. Also, opens a 2-year revival window on May 3, 2019. (B22-0021/DC Act 22-593/L22-0311) (Law Effective on May 3, 2019).


Total:

Nine (9) Jurisdictions with SOL Reform Going into Effect



B. SOL Reform Bills Passed in 2019
Iowa

Extends the criminal SOL for the following felonies and misdemeanors to age of majority (18) plus 15 years: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd degree sexual abuse, incest, and sexual exploitation by a counselor, therapist, or school employee. (SF 589) (Governor Signed into Law on May 16, 2019).


Maine

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for incest, unlawful sexual contact, sexual abuse of a minor, rape or gross sexual assault if victim is under age 16 at the time of the crime and extend the criminal SOL for Class A, Class B and Class C crime involving unlawful sexual contact or gross sexual assault to 20 years after the offense, regardless of victim's age. (SP 20/LD67) (Passed in Senate and House, May 2, 2019).


Montana

Eliminates the criminal SOL for felonies and misdemeanors. Extends the civil SOL against perpetrators and institutions to the earlier of age 27 or 3 years after discovery that injury was caused by childhood sexual abuse. Opens a 1-year revival window on May 7, 2019 against institutions and perpetrators who are alive and have been convicted of or admitted to the abuse. (HB 640) (Governor Signed into Law on May 7, 2019).


Nebraska

Would extend the criminal SOL for human trafficking and child pornography to age 18 plus 7 years. (LB 519) (Passed in Legislature on May 16, 2019).


Nevada

Eliminates the criminal SOL for a sexual assault arising out of the same facts as a murder. (SB 9) (Governor Signed into Law on May 16, 2019).


New Jersey

Extends the civil SOL for child sex abuse to age 55 or 7 years from discovery, whichever is later, for claims against individuals and public and private institutions. Opens a 2-year revival window on December 1, 2019 against perpetrators and institutions. Also, extends the civil SOL for adult sex assault victims to 7 years from the offense or 7 years from discovery, whichever is later. (S477) (Governor Signed into Law on May 13, 2019).


New Mexico

Would extend the criminal SOL for the following felonies committed against minors to age 30: abandonment and abuse, criminal sexual contact, and criminal sexual penetration. (SB 55) (Governor Vetoed on March 16, 2019).


New York

Extends the criminal SOL for felony to age 28 and misdemeanor to age 25. Extends civil SOL to age 55 for claims against people and institutions. Also, removes 90-day notice of claim requirement for claims against public institutions. Opens a 1-year revival window on August 14, 2019 against perpetrators and institutions. (S 2440) (Governor Signed into Law on February 14, 2019).


North Dakota

Extends the criminal SOL for felony and misdemeanor sex offenses to 21 years from the offense. (HB 1425) (Governor Signed into Law on March 21, 2019).


Tennessee

Would extend the civil SOL to age 33 with a 3-year delayed discovery rule. Would eliminate the criminal SOL for child sex abuse felonies and misdemeanors, with a limitation that if prosecuting after victim is age 43, and victim was at or between ages 13 and 17 at the time of the offense, and victim never reported the offense to another person before reaching age 23, admissible and credible evidence corroborating the charge or similar acts by defendant is required. Would also eliminate the criminal SOL for rape and aggravated rape of an adult if reported within 3 years of the offense. (HB 565) (Passed in House and Senate, May 2, 2019).


Utah

Eliminates the criminal SOL for felony human trafficking of a child, which includes trafficking for sexual exploitation of the child. (HB 20) (Governor Signed into Law on March 21, 2019). Extends the criminal SOL for felony crimes where the SOL has run as of May 5, 2003 and no charges had been filed, by extending the time from 1 to 4 years that a prosecution must be commenced after a perpetrator has been identified by DNA evidence. (HB 192) (Governor Signed into Law on March 25, 2019). Waives governmental immunity for civil claims of negligence or injury resulting from sexual battery against a student by a school employee, in a position of trust, who is criminally charged, that the school knew or should have known was a sex offender. Also, extends the civil SOL for claims against a governmental entity or its employee to 2 years after a claim arises or discovery of a claim. (HB 311) (Governor Signed into Law on March 25, 2019).


Vermont

Would eliminate the civil SOL and revive all expired claims against perpetrators and negligent institutions. (HB 330) (Passed in House and Senate, May 13, 2019).


Washington

Eliminates the criminal SOL for felony rape, sexual misconduct, child molestation, and sexual exploitation of a minor and extends the criminal SOL to 20 years from the offense for rape and indecent liberties, regardless of victim's age. (SB 5649) (Governor Signed into Law on April 19, 2019). Extends the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses by extending when the SOL begins to run to 2 years from identification of perpetrator by DNA, regardless of victim's age. (HB 1166) (Governor Signed into Law on April 23, 2019).


Washington D.C.

Eliminates the criminal SOL for felony sexual abuse, child sexual abuse, sexual abuse of a minor, and incest. Extends the civil SOL where victim was under age 35 to age 40 with a 5-year discovery rule. Also, opens a 2-year revival window. (B22-0021/DC Act 22-593) (Law Effective on May 3, 2019).


Total:

Fourteen (14) Jurisdictions Passed SOL Reform


C. SOL Reform Bills Introduced in 2019
Alabama

Would extend the civil SOL to 10 years from offense, age 19 plus 10 years, or 10 years from criminal conviction, and add a 10 year delayed discovery rule. (SB 11 & HB 311) (SB 11 Passed in Senate, April 2, 2019, House Hearing on April 10, 2019, House Judiciary Proposed Amendment, April 25, 2019) (HB 311 Hearing on April 10, 2019).


Arizona

Would extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 7 years or 7 years after disclosure to medical or mental health provider. Would also apply to actions for failure to report. (SB 1255) (Failed in Committee, February 21, 2019). Amended bill would extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 12 years and open a 1-year revival window. (SB 1101) (Failed in House, April 4, 2019). Would extend the civil SOL for sexual assault of a minor and failure to report to age of majority (18) plus 12 years, and if a defendant is charged with a crime after victim is age 30, would add 1 year from the final disposition of criminal proceeding. (HB 2746).


California

Would extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 22 years, add a 5-year delayed discovery rule, and open a 3-year revival window. Would remove claim presentment requirement for claims against local public entities arising from conduct occurring on or after January 1, 2019. (AB 218) (Passed in House, April 1, 2019, Senate Hearing on June 4, 2019).


Connecticut

Would eliminate the civil SOL and open a 27-month revival window. Would eliminate or extend the criminal SOL for felony risk of injury to children offense and felony and misdemeanor sexual assault, regardless of victim’s age. Amended bill would retroactively extend the civil SOL for sexual abuse of a victim under age 21 to age 21 plus 30 years, but excludes the revival window. Also, would eliminate the criminal SOL for sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or sexual assault of a minor, including risk of injury involving intimate contact with a victim under age 16. Would extend the criminal SOL for sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or sexual assault of victims age 18, 19, or 20 to age 21 plus 30 years. Would extend the criminal SOL for sexual assault of victims age 21 or older to 20 years from the offense for felonies and 10 years from the offense for misdemeanors. (SB 3) (Passed in Senate, May 16, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony and misdemeanor. (HB 5534). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony and require school districts to require parents or guardians to watch a sexual assault prevention program. (SB 502). Would extend or eliminate the criminal SOL for sexual assault, regardless of victim's age. (HB 6505). Would extend the criminal SOL for sexual assault, regardless of victim's age. (HB 6297 & HB 5221). Would extend the criminal SOL for sexual assault to 10 years from the offense, regardless of victim’s age. (SB 913) (Hearing on April 1, 2019, Passed out of Judiciary Comm., April 10, 2019).


Florida

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for 2nd, and 3rd degree felony sexual battery. (HB 395 & SB 130) (SB 130 Passed out of Criminal Justice Comm., February 11, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for 1st, 2nd, and 3rd degree felony sexual battery, regardless of victim's age. (HB 165). Would extend the criminal SOL for first and second-degree felony sexual battery of a victim age 16 or older to age of majority (18) plus 15 years. (SB 606 & HB 83). (All Bills Withdrawn from Consideration, May 3, 2019).


Georgia

Would extend the civil SOL to age 55, extend the delayed discovery rule to 4 years, and open a 2-year revival window. (HB 418 & SB 228). Would extend the civil SOL to age 38, extend the delayed discovery rule to 4 years, and open a 1-year revival window. (HB 479). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony and misdemeanors against victims under age 16. (HB 258).


Hawaii

Would eliminate the civil SOL. Senate amendment changes the effective date from January 28, 2081 to "upon its approval". (HB 18) (Passed in House, March 1, 2019, Amended Bill Passed in Senate, April 9, 2019, House Disagrees with Amendment, April 11, 2019, House Deferred, April 26, 2019). Would extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 22, and add a 10-year delayed discovery rule. Amended bill eliminates the civil SOL. (SB 1035) (Passed in Senate, March 5, 2019). Would extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 22, and add a 10-year delayed discovery rule. (HB 482). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for sex trafficking and promoting prostitution, regardless of victim’s age. (HB 486, HB 233 & SB 478) (HB 233 Hearing on February 11, 2019, Judiciary Comm. Deferred on February 13, 2019) (HB 486 Amended to Exclude SOL Elimination, Passed in Senate, April 9, 2019).


Illinois

Would extend the civil SOL by tolling the SOL for 5 years if the perpetrator holds a position of trust, authority, or supervision and he/she conceals a cause of action from the victim. Amended bill tolls the SOL during the time that victim is subject to fraudulent concealment by the perpetrator or any person acting in the interest of the perpetrator. (SB 1868) (Passed in Senate, April 4, 2019, House Hearing on May 8, 2019).


Indiana

Would open a 3-year revival window. Amended bill excludes revival window and instead urges Legislative Counsel to assign the study of civil SOL to a summer committee. (SB 219) (Passed in Senate, February 20, 2019).


Iowa

Extends the criminal SOL for the following felonies and misdemeanors to age of majority (18) plus 15 years: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd degree sexual abuse, incest, and sexual exploitation by a counselor, therapist, or school employee. (SF 589, HB 729/HSB 237 & SB 405) (SF 589 Governor Signed into Law on May 16, 2019) (HB 729 Substituted with SF 589 and Withdrawn, April 23, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for the following felonies and misdemeanors: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd degree sexual abuse, incest, sexual exploitation by a counselor, therapist, or school employee, other sexual offenses, kidnapping, and human trafficking. (SF 92). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony and misdemeanor sexual offenses against minors and extend the criminal SOL for sexual abuse of non-minors, kidnapping and human trafficking to 3 years from identification of perpetrator by DNA. (SF 487). Would eliminate the civil SOL for future conduct, extend the civil SOL to 5 years from effective date for prior conduct, and toll the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus one year for actions against municipalities. (SF 189).


Kansas

Would eliminate the civil SOL. (HB 2306).


Kentucky

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for misdemeanor sexual offenses, including but not limited to, sexual abuse, pornography, and attempted human trafficking. Would also eliminate the civil SOL. (HB 101 & HB 102).


Louisiana

Would extend the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses when the victim is under age 17 by adding a 15-year extension to the current SOL of 30 years from age of majority (18) if new and material evidence is discovered before the 30-year SOL expires. Would also extend the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses when the victim is age 17 or older to 10 years with a 15-year extension if new and material evidence is discovered before the 10 year SOL expires. (HB 268) (Hearings on May 7th & 21st, 2019).


Maine

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for incest, unlawful sexual contact, sexual abuse of a minor, rape or gross sexual assault if victim is under age 16 at the time of the crime and extend the criminal SOL for Class A, Class B and Class C crime involving unlawful sexual contact or gross sexual assault to 20 years after the offense, regardless of victim's age. (SP 20/LD67) (Passed in Senate and House, May 2, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for Class D or Class E crime involving incest, unlawful sexual contact, sexual abuse of a minor, rape or gross sexual assault, if victim is under age 16 at the time of crime. Would also eliminate the criminal SOL for Class A, Class B and Class C crime listed above, regardless of victim's age. (HP 257/LD332) (Failed, March 28, 2019).


Maryland

Would eliminate the civil SOL. Amended bill adds 2-year revival window. (HB 687). (Passed in House 136-2, March 18, 2019, Senate Hearing on March 28, 2019, Failed in Senate Judiciary Comm. 5-5, April 3, 2019). Amended bill would extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 40 years and open a 2-year revival window. Further amended bill removes provisions relating to SOLs and revival and only relates to violence against pregnant women. (SB 561) (Signed into Law on May 13, 2019).


Massachusetts

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for rape and indecent assault and battery. (S.980 & H.3309). Would eliminate the criminal SOL if there is DNA evidence. (S.991). Would extend the civil SOL for negligent supervision when the person who sexually abused the minor is deceased. (S.920).


Minnesota

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony sexual offenses, regardless of victim's age. (HF 480, SF 731, SF 2521 & HF 734) (HF 480 & HF 734 Hearing on March 13, 2019).


Mississippi

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for sexual battery. (SB 2377 & SB 2035). Would eliminate the civil SOL. (HB 1379) (All Bills Failed in Committee, February 5, 2019).


Missouri

Would extend the criminal SOL for the remaining sexual offenses that the SOL has not already been eliminated for, to 10 years from the offense if victim reported it within 3 years, or 3 years from the offense if victim did not report it, regardless of victim's age. (HB 760).


Montana

Eliminates the criminal SOL for felonies and misdemeanors. Extends the civil SOL against perpetrators and institutions to the earlier of age 27 or 3 years after discovery that injury was caused by childhood sexual abuse. Opens a 1-year revival window against institutions and perpetrators who are alive and have been convicted of or admitted to the abuse. (HB 640) (Governor Signed into Law on May 7, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony and misdemeanor sex offenses. (HB 109) (Hearing on January 16, 2019 and Failed, April 25, 2019). Would eliminate the civil SOL. (HB 202) (Hearing on January 18, 2019 and Failed, April 25, 2019). Would extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 20 years. (HB 188) (Hearing on January 22, 2019 and Failed, April 25, 2019). Would extend the criminal SOL for the following felonies to age of majority (18) plus 20 years for minor victims and 10 years after the offense for victims age 18 and older: incest, aggravated sexual intercourse without consent, promoting prostitution, aggravated promoting prostitution, sexual servitude and patronizing victim of sexual servitude. (HB 701) (Failed, April 25, 2019).


Nebraska

Would eliminate the civil SOL against the perpetrator, and extend the civil SOL against others to age 21 plus 12 years, regardless of victim's age. (LB 249) (Hearing on February 22, 2019). Would extend the criminal SOL for human trafficking and child pornography to age 18 plus 7 years. (LB 519) (Passed in Legislature, May 16, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for sex trafficking of a minor. (LB 516) (Hearing on February 22, 2019).


Nevada

Eliminates the criminal SOL for a sexual assault arising out of the same facts as a murder. As, introduced bill would have extended the criminal SOL to 20 years from the offense for sex trafficking or any crime committed during or in furtherance of a sexual assault or sex trafficking, regardless of victim’s age. Amended bill removed criminal extension for sex trafficking and instead only eliminates criminal SOL for a sexual assault arising out of the same facts as a murder. (SB 9) (Governor Signed into Law on May 16, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for the felony of sexual assault where the identity of an accused perpetrator is established by DNA evidence, regardless of victim's age. (AB 142) (Passed in House, April 19, 2019). Would eliminate the civil and criminal SOLs for felony, gross misdemeanor, and misdemeanor sexual abuse of a minor and sexual assault, regardless of victim's age. (SB 368) (Passed in Senate, April 23, 2019).


New Jersey

Extends the civil SOL for child sex abuse to age 55 or 7 years from discovery, whichever is later, for claims against individuals and public and private institutions. Opens a 2-year revival window on December 1, 2019 against perpetrators and institutions. Also, extends the civil SOL for adult sex assault victims to 7 years from the offense or 7 years from discovery, whichever is later. (S477 & A3648) (S477 Governor Signed into Law on May 13, 2019) (A3648 Substituted by S477, March 25, 2019). Would eliminate the civil SOL. (A4544 & A1162). Would extend the criminal SOL for sexual contact and endangering the welfare of a child to age of majority (18) plus 10 years, with a 2-year discovery rule. (S1506).


New Mexico

Would extend the criminal SOL for the following felonies committed against minors to age 30: abandonment and abuse, criminal sexual contact, and criminal sexual penetration. Previous version of bill provided for elimination of the criminal SOL, but it was amended to age 30. (SB 55) (Vetoed by Governor, March 16, 2019). Would extend the civil SOL by adding a 3- year delayed discovery rule. (SB 125) (Senate Postponed Indefinitely, January 17, 2019).


New York

Extends the criminal SOL for felony to age 28 and misdemeanor to age 25. Extends civil SOL to age 55 for claims against people and institutions. Also, removes 90-day notice of claim requirement for claims against public institutions. Opens a 1-year revival window on August 14, 2019 against perpetrators and institutions. (S 2440) (Governor Signed into Law on February 14, 2019). Would extend the criminal SOL for remaining sexual offenses that SOL has not already been eliminated for to age of majority (18) plus 15 years for sexual offenses, and extend the civil SOL for childhood sexual abuse or exploitation to 15 years from the offense. (A2723). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for remaining sexual offenses that SOL has not already been eliminated for and extend the civil SOL to age 50. (S1328). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for remaining sexual offenses that SOL has not already been eliminated for. (S952). Would extend the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses to age 28 and misdemeanor sex offenses to age 25. Would extend the civil SOL for sex offenses to age 23 plus 5 years, and open a 1-year revival window. (A1175). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses, expand the categories of defendants criminally liable, extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 6 years, and open a 3- year revival window. (A3842). Would open a 1-year revival window for sexual assault of an infant. (AB 6935). Would eliminate the civil SOL for actions based on incest and use of a child in a sexual performance. Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony sexual offenses, 1st, 2nd and 3rd degree incest, and use of a child in a sexual performance. (AB 6507).


North Carolina

Would extend the criminal SOL for misdemeanor crimes of abuse to 10 years, extend the civil SOL to age 50 and open a 1-year revival window. Amended bill removes civil SOL extension and revival window. (SB 199 & HB 596) (SB 199 Passed in Senate, April 10, 2019, Hearing on May 6, 2019). Would extend the civil SOL to age 45 and open a 1- year revival window. (HB 37). Would extend the civil SOL for human trafficking, which includes sexual servitude, to age of majority (18) plus 10 years or 10 years from the offense. (SB 200 & HB 198) (HB 198 Passed in House, April 16, 2019).


North Dakota

Extends the criminal SOL for felony and misdemeanor sex offenses to 21 years from the offense. (HB 1425) (Governor Signed into Law on March 21, 2019).


Ohio

Would retroactively revive and eliminate the civil SOL for claims against a state university by victims of any age who were sexually abused by a university physician between January 1, 1978 and December 31, 2000. (HB 249).


Oregon

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses, regardless of victim's age, if a defendant is identified based on DNA analysis. (HB 3073).


Pennsylvania

Would eliminate the civil SOL for sexual abuse of minors and adults and would open a 2-year revival window for all victims, regardless of age at time of offense. Would expand civil liability by providing exceptions to government and sovereign immunity for sexual abuse claims. Would eliminate the criminal SOL for trafficking, sexual servitude, rape, statutory sexual assault, involuntary deviate sexual intercourse, sexual assault, institutional sexual assault, aggravated indecent assault and incest. (SB 540). Would open a 2-year revival window by amending the Pennsylvania Constitution to provide for the window. (HB 963) (Passed in House, April 10, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felonies of trafficking, involuntary servitude, rape, statutory sexual assault, involuntary deviate sexual intercourse, sexual assault, institutional sexual assault, aggravated indecent assault and incest. Would extend the criminal SOL for other felony and misdemeanor sexual offenses to age 55. Would extend the criminal SOL for institutional sexual assault to 12 years from the offense, regardless of victim's age. Would also extend the civil SOL to age 55 and expand liability for government institutions by providing exceptions to the laws of government immunity and limitations on damages. (HB 962) (Passed in House, April 10, 2019).


Rhode Island

Would extend the civil SOL to 35 years from the offense, and add a 7-year delayed discovery rule. Would open a 3-year revival window. (H5171 & S315) (H5171 Hearing on February 26, 2019, Comm. recommended measure be held for further study) (S315 Hearing on March 12, 2019, Comm. recommended measure be held for further study). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for 2nd and 3rd degree sexual assault. (H5515) (Comm. recommended measure be held for further study, March 12, 2019).


South Dakota

Would open a 2-year revival window. (HB 1269) (Judiciary Comm. Failed 4-6 and deferred to 41st legislative day, February 11, 2019).


Tennessee

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for child sex abuse felonies and misdemeanors. Would eliminate the criminal SOL for rape and aggravated rape of an adult if reported within 3 years of the offense. Would also extend the civil SOL to age 48, with a 3-year delayed discovery rule. Amended bills decrease civil SOL from age 48 to age 33. Further amended bill eliminates criminal SOL for rape and aggravated rape, regardless of victim's age, and rape of a child and aggravated rape of a child, if reported within three years of the offense. Would also eliminate the criminal SOL for child sex abuse felonies and misdemeanors, with a requirement that if prosecuted after victim is age 43, admissible and credible evidence corroborating the charge is required. Further amended bill adopted by House and Senate Conference Committee would extend the civil SOL to age 33 with a 3-year delayed discovery rule. Would eliminate the criminal SOL for child sex abuse felonies and misdemeanors, with a limitation that if prosecuting after victim is age 43, and victim was at or between ages 13 and 17 at the time of the offense, and victim never reported the offense to another person before reaching age 23, admissible and credible evidence corroborating the charge or similar acts by defendant is required. Would also eliminate the criminal SOL for rape and aggravated rape of an adult if reported within 3 years of the offense. (HB 565 Passed in House and Senate, May 2, 2019) (SB 1252 Substituted by HB 565). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for rape and aggravated rape and rape and aggravated rape of a child. (SB 368, HB 286, SB 592 & HB 112) (SB 368 Passed out of Judiciary Comm. 9-0, February 19, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal and civil SOL for felony child sexual abuse offenses. (HB 660 & SB 545). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for some sexual offenses when reported to law enforcement within 3 years of offense. (SB 18 & HB 285). Would extend the criminal SOL to age 43 for some sexual offenses when not reported to law enforcement within 3 years. (SB 18, HB 285, HB 140 & SB 1131). Would extend the civil SOL by adding a 5-year delayed discovery rule. (SB 954 & HB 1035). Would eliminate the civil SOL and extend the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses to age of majority (18) plus 25 years. (HB 309 & SB 169) (Withdrawn, February 6, 2019).


Texas

Would extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 30 years. Amended bill limits the civil SOL extension to claims against a perpetrator only. Senate Committee amended bill to remove perpetrator only language so that amended SOL applies to claims against non-perpetrators also. (HB 3809) (Passed in House, May 3, 2019, Senate Hearing on May 13, 2019, Passed out of Senate Comm., May 19, 2019). Would toll the criminal SOL if there is DNA evidence. (SB 735). Would extend the criminal SOL to age of majority (18) plus 20 years for trafficking and sexual performance by a child. (HB 1073) (Hearing on April 29, 2019). Would expand the DNA statute and eliminate the criminal SOL where DNA has been collected but not yet tested. (HB 8) (Passed in House, April 17, 2019, Senate Hearing on May 8, 2019, Passed out of Senate Comm., May 9, 2019). Would extend the criminal SOL for abandoning or endangering a child to age of majority (18) plus 10 years. (HB 442) (Passed in House, May 7, 2019).


Utah

Eliminates the criminal SOL for felony human trafficking of a child, which includes trafficking for sexual exploitation of the child. (HB 20) (Governor Signed into Law on March 21, 2019). Extends the criminal SOL for felony crimes where the SOL has run as of May 5, 2003 and no charges had been filed, by extending the time from 1 to 4 years that a prosecution must be commenced after a perpetrator has been identified by DNA evidence. (HB 192) (Governor Signed into Law on March 25, 2019). Waives governmental immunity for civil claims of negligence or injury resulting from sexual battery against a student by a school employee, in a position of trust, who is criminally charged, that the school knew or should have known was a sex offender. Also, extends the civil SOL for claims against a governmental entity or its employee to 2 years after a claim arises or discovery of a claim. (HB 311) (Governor Signed into Law on March 25, 2019).


Vermont

Would eliminate the civil SOL and open a 2-year revival window for claims against perpetrators and/or institutions. Amended bill eliminates the civil SOL and replaces the revival window with fully retroactive revival of all expired claims against perpetrators and/or negligent institutions. (HB 330) (Passed in House and Senate, May 13, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for sexual exploitation of a minor and lewd and lascivious conduct with a minor. Amended bill excludes the SOL elimination for crimes against minors listed above. (HB 511) (Amended Bill Passed in House and Senate, May 2, 2019).


Virginia

Would extend the criminal SOL for misdemeanors to age of majority (18) plus 5 years. (HB 2525). Would eliminate the civil SOL. (HB 1888). Would extend the criminal SOL for misdemeanors to age of majority (18) plus 20 years. Amended bill would extend the criminal SOL for misdemeanors committed by adults to age of majority (18) plus 5 years. (SB 1484).


Washington

Eliminates the criminal SOL for felony rape, sexual misconduct, child molestation, and sexual exploitation of a minor and extends the criminal SOL to 20 years from the offense for rape and indecent liberties, regardless of victim's age. (SB 5649 & HB 1231) (SB 5649 Governor Signed into Law on April 19, 2019) (HB 1231 Passed in House, March 6, 2019, Senate Hearings on March 28 and April 2, 2019, Passed out of Senate Law and Justice Comm., April 2, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses against minors and rape, regardless of victim's age. (HB 1234) (Hearing on January 22, 2019). Extends the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses by extending when the SOL begins to run to 2 years from identification of perpetrator by DNA, regardless of victim's age. (HB 1166) (Governor Signed into Law on April 23, 2019).


Washington D.C.

Eliminates the criminal SOL for felony sexual abuse, child sexual abuse, sexual abuse of a minor, and incest. Extends the civil SOL where victim was under age 35 to age 40 with a 5-year discovery rule. Also, opens a 2-year revival window. (B22-0021/DC Act 22-593) (Law Effective on May 3, 2019).


Total:

Thirty-nine (39) Jurisdictions Considering SOL Reform in 2019



D. Jurisdictions with No Criminal SOL
(for at least some crimes)
Alabama

None for victims abused when they were under 16


Alaska

None for victims abused when they were under 18 (felony charge)


Arizona

None for victims abused when they were under 15 or under 18 if the abuser is a parent, guardian, teacher or priest


Arkansas

None (as of 2013)


California

None for felony sex offenses


Colorado

None for felony child sexual offenses


Connecticut

None for class A felonies


Delaware

None


Florida

None for 1st degree sexual battery (defined by Fla. Stat. § 794.011) for victims abused when they were under 18


Georgia

None for crimes committed on and after July 1, 2012, in following:


(1) trafficking a person for sexual servitude;
(2) cruelty to children in the first degree;
(3) rape;
(4) aggravated sodomy;
(5) child molestation or aggravated child molestation;
(6) enticing a child for indecent purposes; or
(7) incest.


Hawaii

None for Class A felonies


Idaho

Elimination for felony sex abuse and lewd conduct with a child


Illinois

None


Indiana

None if offense committed with threats or use of deadly force (class A)


Kansas

None for rape


Kentucky

None for felonies


Louisiana

None for prosecutions of crimes for that are punishable by death or life imprisonment, including aggravated rape and forcible rape


Maine

None for incest; unlawful sexual contact; sexual abuse of a minor; rape or gross sexual assault, formerly denominated as gross sexual misconduct where victim was under 16


Maryland

None for felonies


Massachusetts

None where victim under 16 (after +27 years DNA or other corroborating evidence needed)


Michigan

None 1st degree crimes


Minnesota

None if DNA evidence preserved


Mississippi

None if (1) victim was abused during ages 14-16 and offender is 3 years older; (2) victim was abused under 14 and offender 2 years older; (3) victim was abused under 18 and abuser is in a position of authority or trust; or (4) involving touching or handling of children for lustful purposes


Missouri

Murder, forcible rape, attempted forcible rape, forcible sodomy, attempted forcible sodomy, or any class A felony


Montana

None


Nebraska

None for 1st or 2nd degree sexual assault for victim of any age, or 3rd degree when victim was abused under the age of 16


Nevada

None for sexual assault arising out of the same facts as a murder


New Jersey

None for sexual assault or aggravated sexual assault


New Mexico

None for 1st degree felonies


New York

None for 1st degree felonies


North Carolina

None


Oregon

None for some felonies if DNA exists


Rhode Island

None for 1st degree sexual assault, and 1st and 2nd degree child molestation


South Carolina

None


South Dakota

None for class A, B, and C felonies; all child rape & forcible rape


Texas

None for most sex crimes against young children


Utah

None for rape of a child, object rape of a child, sodomy on a child, sexual abuse of a child, aggravated sexual abuse of a child, human trafficking of a child


Vermont

None for aggravated sexual assault


Virginia

None for felonies


Washington

None for felony rape, sexual misconduct, child molestation, and sexual exploitation of a minor


West Virginia

None for sexual assault, 1st degree sexual abuse, sexual abuse by parent, guardian, custodian, or person in a position of trust to child


Wisconsin

None for 1st degree sexual assault, or repeated class A or B felony offenses against the same child


Wyoming

None


Washington D.C.

None for felony sexual abuse, child sexual abuse, sexual abuse of a minor, and incest.


Federal Government

None


Total:

Forty-five (45) Jurisdictions Eliminated Criminal SOL



E. Jurisdictions with No Civil SOL
(for at least some claims)
Alaska

None for felony sex abuse/assault of minor, felony exploitation of minor


Connecticut

None if events forming the civil claim led to conviction of first-degree aggravated sexual or sexual assault


Delaware

None as to perpetrator, or as to gross negligence against employer


Florida

None for sexual batteries committed against victims under 16 years old


Illinois

None


Maine

None


Minnesota

None for victims abused under age of 18


Nebraska

None as to perpetrator


Utah

None for victims abused under age 18 against perpetrator


Total:

Nine (9) States Eliminated Civil SOL



F. Jurisdictions that Revived Expired Civil SOL
(waiver of SOL for set period of time or up to certain age)
California

(2003-04) 1-year window revived SOL - closed.


Connecticut

(2010) Revives expired claims to age 48.


Delaware

(2007-09) 2-year window revived SOL - closed. Also enacted follow-up window for healthcare providers when learned existing window did not cover them.


Georgia

(2015-17) 2-year window revived SOL against perpetrator - closed.


Hawaii

(2012) 2-year window revived SOL against perpetrators and institutions. (2014) Extended window for another 2 years. (2018) Extended original window to be open until April 24, 2020 - open.


Massachusetts

(2014) Revives SOL up to age 53 against perpetrator and revives SOL with delayed discovery +7 years against entities.


Michigan

(2018) 90-day window revived SOL for victims of Larry Nassar - closed.


Minnesota

(2013-16) 3-year window revived SOL - closed.


Montana

(2019-20) 1-year window opened on May 7, 2019 for expired claims against institutions and perpetrators who are alive and have been convicted of or admitted to the abuse - open. (HB 640) ( Effective on May 7, 2019).


New Jersey

(2019-21) 2-year window will open on December 1, 2019 for expired claims against perpetrators and institutions. (S477) (Effective on May 13, 2019).


New York

(2019-20) 1-year revival window will open on August 14, 2019 for expired claims against perpetrators and institutions. (S2440) (Effective on February 14, 2019).


Utah

(2016) Revives SOL up to age 50 and opened a 2-year window for expired claims against perpetrator only.


Washington D.C.

(2019-21) 2-year window for expired claims opened on May 3, 2019 - open. (L22-0311) (Effective on May 3, 2019)


Total:

Thirteen (13) Jurisdictions Revived Expired Civil SOLs