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*For more information on Statutes of Limitations, visit our Law & Policy page


2019 Summary of Child Sexual Abuse Statutes of Limitations (SOLs): 
Introduced, Enacted, and State Lists by Category

https://www.childusa.org/2019sol  



A. 2019 Introduced Child Sexual Abuse SOL Reform Bills
Alabama

Would extend the civil SOL to 10 years from offense, age 19 plus 10 years, or 10 years from criminal conviction, and add a 10 year delayed discovery rule. (SB 11).


Arizona

Would extend the civil SOL to 7 years after age of majority (18) or 7 years after disclosure to medical or mental health provider. Would also apply to actions for failure to report. (SB 1255) (Died in Committee, February 21, 2019).


California

Would extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 22 years, add a 5-year delayed discovery rule, and open a 3-year revival window. Would remove claim presentment requirement for claims against local public entities arising from conduct occurring on or after January 1, 2019. (AB 218) (Hearing on March 12, 2019).


Connecticut

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony and misdemeanor. (HB 5534). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony and require school districts to require parents or guardians to watch a sexual assault prevention program. (SB 502). Would extend or eliminate the criminal SOL for sexual assault, regardless of victim's age. (HB 6505). Would extend the criminal SOL for sexual assault, regardless of victim's age. (HB 6297 & HB 5221).


Florida

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for 2nd, and 3rd degree felony sexual battery. (HB 395 & SB 130). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for 1st, 2nd, and 3rd degree felony sexual battery, regardless of victim's age. (HB 165).


Georgia

Would extend the civil SOL to age 55, extend the delayed discovery rule to 4 years, and open a 2-year revival window. (HB 418).


Hawaii

Would eliminate the civil SOL. (HB 18) (Engrossed - Passed in House, March 1, 2019 and Senate Judiciary Comm. Hearing on March 12, 2019, Passed out of Comm. 4-0). Would extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 22, and add a 10-year delayed discovery rule. Amended bill eliminates the civil SOL. (SB 1035) (Engrossed - Passed in Senate, March 5, 2019). Would extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 22, and add a 10-year delayed discovery rule. (HB 482). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for sex trafficking and promoting prostitution, regardless of victim’s age. (HB 233 & SB 478) (HB 233 Hearing on February 11, 2019, Judiciary Comm. Deferred on February 13, 2019).


Indiana

Would open a 3-year revival window. Amended bill excludes revival window and instead urges Legislative Counsel to assign the study of civil SOL to a summer committee. (SB 219) (Engrossed - Passed in Senate, February 20, 2019).


Iowa

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for the following felonies and misdemeanors: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd degree sexual abuse, incest, sexual exploitation by a counselor, therapist, or school employee, other sexual offenses, kidnapping, and human trafficking. (SF 92). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony and misdemeanor sexual offenses against minors and extend the criminal SOL for sexual abuse of non-minors, kidnapping and human trafficking to 3 years from identification of perpetrator by DNA. (SF 487). Would eliminate the civil SOL for future conduct, extend the civil SOL to 5 years from effective date for prior conduct, and toll the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus one year for actions against municipalities. (SF 189).


Kentucky

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for misdemeanor sexual offenses, including but not limited to, sexual abuse, pornography, and attempted human trafficking. Would also eliminate the civil SOL. (HB 101 & HB 102).


Maine

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for Class D or Class E crime involving incest, unlawful sexual contact, sexual abuse of a minor, rape or gross sexual assault, if victim is under age 16 at the time of crime. Would also eliminate the criminal SOL for Class A, Class B and Class C crime listed above, regardless of victim's age. (HP 257/LD332) (Hearing on March 6, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for Class A, Class B and Class C crime listed above if victim is under age 16 at the time of the crime and extend the criminal SOL for Class A, Class B and Class C crime involving unlawful sexual contact or gross sexual assault to 20 years after the offense. (SP 20/LD67) (Hearing on March 6, 2019).


Maryland

Would eliminate the civil SOL. (HB 687) (Hearing on February 28, 2019). Amended bill adds 2-year revival window. (Second Reading Passed in House with Amendments, March 16, 2019).


Massachusetts

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for rape and indecent assault and battery. (S.980 & H.3309). Would eliminate the criminal SOL if there is DNA evidence. (S.991). Would extend the civil SOL for negligent supervision when the person who sexually abused the minor is deceased. (S.920).


Minnesota

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony sexual offenses, regardless of victim's age. (HF 480, SF 731 & HF 734) (HF 480 & HF 734 Hearing on March 13, 2019).


Mississippi

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for sexual battery. (SB 2377 & SB 2035). Would eliminate the civil SOL. (HB 1379) (All Bills Died in Committee, February 5, 2019).


Missouri

Would extend the criminal SOL for the remaining sexual offenses that the SOL has not already been eliminated for, to 10 years from the offense if victim reported it within 3 years, or 3 years from the offense if victim did not report it, regardless of victim's age. (HB 760).


Montana

Would remove the criminal SOL for felonies and misdemeanors. Would extend the civil SOL against perpetrators and institutions to the earlier of age 27 or 3 years after discovery that injury was caused by childhood sexual abuse. Would open a 2-year revival window against institutions. (HB 640) (Hearing Scheduled for March 13, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony and misdemeanor sex offenses. (HB 109) (Hearing on January 16, 2019 and Missed Deadline for Bill Transmittal, March 2, 2019). Would eliminate the civil SOL. (HB 202) (Hearing on January 18, 2019 and Missed Deadline for Bill Transmittal, March 2, 2019). Would extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 20 years. (HB 188) (Hearing on January 22, 2019 and Missed Deadline for Bill Transmittal, March 2, 2019).


Nebraska

Would eliminate the civil SOL against the perpetrator, and extend the civil SOL against others to age 21 plus 12 years, regardless of victim's age. (LB 249) (Hearing on February 22, 2019). Would extend the criminal SOL for human trafficking and child pornography to age 18 plus 7 years. (LB 519) (Hearing Scheduled for March 13, 2019).


Nevada

Would extend the criminal SOL to 20 years from the offense for sex trafficking or any crime committed during or in furtherance of a sexual assault or sex trafficking, regardless of victim's age. (SB 9).


New Jersey

Would extend the civil SOL for child sex abuse to age 55 or 7 years from discovery, whichever is later, and expand the categories of defendants who are liable to include nonprofit corporations, societies or associations organized exclusively for religious, charitable or educational purposes, including its trustees, directors, officers, employees, agents, servants or volunteers. Would open a 2-year revival window. Would also extend the civil SOL for adult sex assault victims to 7 years from the offense or 7 years from discovery, whichever is later. (S477 & A3648) (S477 Engrossed - Passed in Senate 32-1, March 14, 2019) (A3648 Hearing on March 11, 2019, Passed 4-0 out of Comm., House vote scheduled for March 25, 2019). Would eliminate the civil SOL. (A4544 & A1162). Would extend the criminal SOL for sexual contact and endangering the welfare of a child to age of majority (18) plus 10 years, with a 2-year discovery rule. (S1506).


New Mexico

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for certain felonies committed against minors: abandonment and abuse, criminal sexual contact, and criminal sexual penetration. (SB 55) (Engrossed - Passed in Senate, February 26, 2019). Would extend the civil SOL by adding a 3- year delayed discovery rule. (SB 125).


New York

Extends the criminal SOL for felony to age 28 and misdemeanor to age 25. Extends civil SOL to age 55 for claims against people and institutions. Also, removes 90-day notice of claim requirement for claims against public institutions. Opens a 1-year revival window on August 14, 2019. (S 2440) (Governor signed into law on February 14, 2019). Would extend the criminal SOL for remaining sexual offenses that SOL has not already been eliminated for to age of majority (18) plus 15 years for sexual offenses, and extend the civil SOL for childhood sexual abuse or exploitation to 15 years from the offense. (A2723). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for remaining sexual offenses that SOL has not already been eliminated for and extend the civil SOL to age 50. (S1328). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for remaining sexual offenses that SOL has not already been eliminated for. (S952). Would extend the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses to age 28 and misdemeanor sex offenses to age 25. Would extend the civil SOL for sex offenses to age 23 plus 5 years, and open a 1-year revival window. (A1175). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses, expand the categories of defendants criminally liable, extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 6 years, and open a 3- year revival window. (A3842).


North Carolina

Would extend the criminal SOL for misdemeanor crimes of abuse to 10 years, extend the civil SOL to age 50 and open a 1-year revival window. (SB 199). Would extend the civil SOL to age 45 and open a 1- year revival window. (HB 37).


North Dakota

Would extend the criminal SOL for felony and misdemeanor sex offenses to 21 years from the offense. (HB 1425) (Engrossed - Passed in House, February 20, 2019, Senate Hearing on March 11, 2019, Passed 6-0 out of Comm.).


Oregon

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses, regardless of victim's age, if a defendant is identified based on DNA analysis. (HB 3073).


Rhode Island

Would extend the civil SOL to 35 years from the offense, and add a 7-year delayed discovery rule. Would open a 3-year revival window. (H5171 & S315) (H5171 Hearing on February 26, 2019, Comm. recommended measure be held for further study) (S315 Hearing on March 12, 2019).


South Dakota

Would open a 2-year revival window. (HB 1269) (Judiciary Comm. Failed 4-6 and deferred to 41st legislative day, February 11, 2019).


Tennessee

Would eliminate the criminal and civil SOL for felony child sexual abuse offenses. (HB 660 & SB 545). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for rape and aggravated rape and rape and aggravated rape of a child. (SB 368, HB 286, HB 565, SB 1252, SB 592 & HB 112) (SB 368 & SB 1252 Passed out of Judiciary Comm. 9-0, February 19, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for some sexual offenses when reported to law enforcement within 3 years of offense. (SB 18 & HB 285). Would extend the criminal SOL to age of majority (18) plus 25 years for some sexual offenses when not reported to law enforcement within 3 years. (SB 18, HB 285, HB 140 & SB 1131). Would extend the civil SOL by adding a 5- year delayed discovery rule. (SB 954 & HB 1035). Would extend the civil SOL to age of majority (18) plus 30 years, with a 3- year delayed discovery rule. Amended bills decrease civil SOL from 30 to 15 years. (HB 565 & SB 1252) (SB 1252 Passed out of Judiciary Comm. 9-0, February 19, 2019).


Texas

Would toll the criminal SOL if there is DNA evidence. (SB 735). Would extend the criminal SOL to age of majority (18) plus 20 years for trafficking and sexual performance by a child. (HB 1073).


Utah

Would extend the criminal SOL for felony crimes where the SOL has run as of May 5, 2003 and no charges had been filed, by extending the time from 1 to 4 years that a prosecution must be commenced after a perpetrator has been identified by DNA evidence. (HB 192) (Passed in House and Senate and in Process of Being Enrolled, March 4, 2019).


Vermont

Would eliminate the civil SOL and open a 2-year revival window for claims against perpetrators and/or institutions. (H.330).


Virginia

Would extend the criminal SOL for misdemeanors to age of majority (18) plus 5 years. (HB 2525). Would eliminate the civil SOL. (HB 1888). Would extend the civil SOL for misdemeanors to age of majority (18) plus 5 years. (SB 1484).


Washington

Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses against minors. (HB 1231 & SB 5649) (SB 5649 Engrossed - Passed in Senate, February 20, 2019) (HB 1231 Engrossed - Passed in House, March 6, 2019). Would eliminate the criminal SOL for felony sex offenses against minors and rape, regardless of victim's age. (HB 1234) (Hearing on January 22, 2019).


Washington D.C.

Would eliminate the criminal SOL and extend the civil SOL to age 40 with a 5-year discovery rule. Opens a 2-year revival window (D.C. A CT 22-593) (*Mayor Approved but must be passed by Congress).


Total:

Thirty-four (34) Jurisdictions Considering SOL Reform in 2019



B (1). 2019 Child Sexual Abuse SOL Reform Legislation - Enacted
New York

Extends the criminal SOL for felony to age 28 and misdemeanor to age 25. Extends civil SOL to age 55 for claims against people and institutions. Also, removes 90-day notice of claim requirement for claims against public institutions. Opens a 1-year revival window on August 14, 2019. (S 2440) (Governor signed into law on February 14, 2019).


Washington, DC

Eliminates the criminal SOL and extends the civil SOL to age 40 with a 5-year discovery rule. Opens a 2-year revival window (D.C. ACT 22-593) (*Mayor Approved but must be passed by Congress).


Total:

Two (2) Jurisdictions Passed SOL Reform


B (2). 2019 Child Sexual Abuse SOL Reform Legislation - Enrolled
New York

Extends the criminal SOL for felony to age 28 and misdemeanor to age 25. Extends civil SOL to age 55 for claims against people and institutions. Also, removes 90-day notice of claim requirement for claims against public institutions. Opens a 1-year revival window on August 14, 2019. (S 2440) (Governor signed into law on February 14, 2019).


Total:

One (1) Jurisdiction with SOL Reform Going into Effect



C. States with No Criminal SOL for Child Sexual Abuse
(for at Least Some Crimes)
Alabama

None for victims abused when they were under 16


Alaska

None for victims abused when they were under 18 (felony charge)


Arizona

None for victims abused when they were under 15 or under 18 if the abuser is a parent, guardian, teacher or priest


Arkansas

None (as of 2013)


California

None for felony sex offenses


Colorado

None for felony child sexual offenses


Connecticut

None for class A felonies


Delaware

None


Florida

None for 1st degree sexual battery (defined by Fla. Stat. § 794.011) for victims abused when they were under 18


Georgia

None for crimes committed on and after July 1, 2012, in following:


(1) trafficking a person for sexual servitude;
(2) cruelty to children in the first degree;
(3) rape;
(4) aggravated sodomy;
(5) child molestation or aggravated child molestation;
(6) enticing a child for indecent purposes; or
(7) incest.


Hawaii

None for Class A felonies


Idaho

Elimination for felony sex abuse and lewd conduct with a child


Illinois

None


Indiana

None if offense committed with threats or use of deadly force (class A)


Kansas

None for rape


Kentucky

None for felonies


Louisiana

None for prosecutions of crimes for that are punishable by death or life imprisonment, including aggravated rape and forcible rape


Maine

None for incest; unlawful sexual contact; sexual abuse of a minor; rape or gross sexual assault, formerly denominated as gross sexual misconduct where victim was under 16


Maryland

None for felonies


Massachusetts

None where victim under 16 (after +27 years DNA or other corroborating evidence needed)


Michigan

None 1st degree crimes


Minnesota

None if DNA evidence preserved


Mississippi

None if (1) victim was abused during ages 14-16 and offender is 3 years older; (2) victim was abused under 14 and offender 2 years older; (3) victim was abused under 18 and abuser is in a position of authority or trust; or (4) involving touching or handling of children for lustful purposes


Missouri

Murder, forcible rape, attempted forcible rape, forcible sodomy, attempted forcible sodomy, or any class A felony


Nebraska

None for 1st or 2nd degree sexual assault for victim of any age, or 3rd degree when victim was abused under the age of 16


New Jersey

None for sexual assault or aggravated sexual assault


New Mexico

None for 1st degree felonies


New York

None for 1st degree felonies


North Carolina

None


Oregon

None for some felonies if DNA exists


Rhode Island

None for 1st degree sexual assault, and 1st and 2nd degree child molestation


South Carolina

None


South Dakota

None for class A, B, and C felonies; all child rape & forcible rape


Texas

None for most sex crimes against young children


Utah

None for rape of a child, object rape of a child, sodomy on a child, sexual abuse of a child, aggravated sexual abuse of a child


Vermont

None for aggravated sexual assault


Virginia

None for felonies


West Virginia

None for sexual assault, 1st degree sexual abuse, sexual abuse by parent, guardian, custodian, or person in a position of trust to child


Wisconsin

None for 1st degree sexual assault, or repeated class A or B felony offenses against the same child


Wyoming

None


Federal Government

None


Total:

Forty-one (41) Jurisdictions Eliminated Criminal SOL



D. States with No Civil SOL for Child Sexual Abuse
(for at Least Some Claims)
Alaska

None for felony sex abuse/assault of minor, felony exploitation of minor


Connecticut

None if events forming the civil claim led to conviction of first-degree aggravated sexual or sexual assault


Delaware

None as to perpetrator, or as to gross negligence against employer


Florida

None for sexual batteries committed against victims under 16 years old


Illinois

None


Maine

None


Minnesota

None for victims abused under age of 18


Nebraska

None as to perpetrator


Utah

None for victims abused under age 18 against perpetrator


Total:

Nine (9) States Eliminated Civil SOL



E. SOL Revival Legislation Enacted
(waiver of SOL for set period of time or up to certain age)
California

(2003) 1-year window revived civil SOLs, closed


Connecticut

(2010) Revives expired claims to age 48


Delaware

(2007-09) 2-year window revived SOLs, closed. Also enacted follow-up window for healthcare providers when learned existing window did not cover them


Georgia

(2015-17) 2-year window revives civil SOL against perpetrator, in effect 7/1/2015


Hawaii

(2012) 2-year window revived SOL against perpetrators and institutions. (2014) Extended window for another 2 years. (2018) Extended original window to be open until April 24, 2020.


Massachusetts

(2014) Revives civil SOL up to age 53 against perpetrator; revives civil SOL with delayed discovery +7 years against entities


Michigan

(2018) 90 day window for victims of Larry Nassar


Minnesota

(2013-16) 3-year window, closed


New York

(2019-20) 1-year revival window will open on August 14, 2019. (A 2683, S2440) (Governor signed into law on February 14, 2019).


Utah

(2016) Retroactive revival to age 50 and 2-year window against perpetrator only


Total:

Ten (10) States Revived Expired Civil SOLs